The collapse of the boom and the falling prices of agricultural products forced many farmers to seek relief through political action.
By the late s, the Alliance had developed a political agenda that called for regulation and reform in national politics, most notably an opposition to the gold standard to counter the high deflation in agricultural prices in relation to other goods such as farm implements.
However this was a labor partyand by the elections it was using the Union Labor Party label. In that meeting they decided to consolidate the two parties pending ratification. The merger eventually united white Southern Alliance and Wheel members, but it would not include African American members of agricultural organizations.
Powderly, leader of the Knights of Labor.
Louis in an attempt to create a single party united against the "money power. Donnellystating, "We meet in the midst of a nation brought to the verge of moral, political, and material ruin.
Our doors are open to all points of the compass. The interests of rural and urban labor are the same; their enemies are identical. Weaver and James G.
In the presidential electionWeaver received 1, votes. Success was often obtained through electoral fusionwith the Democrats outside the South, but with alliances with the Republicans in Southern states like Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.
By allowing the coining of silver coins, they hoped to make the value of the money more than what it represented, which would lead to inflation of the currency, and thus, reduce the debt of the farmers to the Eastern Elites.
This idea led former Greenback Party members to join the Populist Party. The Populists followed the Prohibition Party in actively including women in their affairs. Some southern Populists, including Thomas E. Watson of Georgia, openly talked of the need for poor blacks and poor whites to set aside their racial differences in the name of shared economic self-interest.
One of the great orators of the day, Bryan generated enormous excitement among Democrats with his " Cross of Gold " speech, and appeared in the middle of to have a good chance of winning the election, if the Populists voted for him.
The Populists had the choice of endorsing Bryan or running their own candidate. After great infighting at their St. Louis convention they decided to endorse Bryan but with their own vice presidential nominee, Thomas E. Watson was cautiously open to cooperation, but after the election would recant any hope he had in the possibility of cooperation as a viable tool.
He lost to Republican William McKinley by a margin ofvotes and lost again in a rematch in by a larger margin.Populist party, in U.S. history, political party formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th cent.
In some states the party was known as the People's party. Formation of the Party During the Panic of agricultural prices in the United States began to decline. The economic welfare of farmers suffered badly; many believed that .
African American civil rights leader in the late 19th and early 20th centuries Helped found the NAACP Believed that African Americans should take immediate political action to produce social change through actions of the "Talented Tenth" (most educated and successful blacks).
unit 4 - world history. STUDY. PLAY.
The Populist Party sought to increase the power of. During the late 19th century, urban political "machines" and those that ran them.
promised business contracts, government jobs, and money for the poor immigrants in exchange for votes.
Established in , as a result of the Populist movement, the People's Party reached its peak in the presidential election, when its ticket, composed of James B. Weaver and James G. Field, won % of the popular vote and carried five states (Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada and North Dakota), and the House of Representatives .
Video: The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry.
unit 4 - world history. STUDY. PLAY. The Populist Party sought to increase the power of. During the late 19th century, urban political "machines" and those that ran them. promised business contracts, government jobs, and money for the poor immigrants in exchange for votes.