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Limitations and Recommendations 1. Introduction Ghanaian universities, especially the technical universities, play a crucial role in the ongoing transformation of Ghanaian society, and as such, they present an interesting context for studying matters of staff retention.
Organisations expect of their employees to perform optimally and to be committed to the organisation and its cause as observed by Bakker and Schaufeli Hence, institutions should turn their focus to ensure retaining their staff. Theron, Barkhuizen and Du Plessis are of the view that staff morale and perceived job security, for instance, are influenced by factors such as a high staff turnover, which in turn leads to a loss of expertise and organisational stability.
A similar view is shared by Schaufeli and Bakker who argue that when employees do not experience job satisfaction, there is a drop in their levels of engagement at work, their stress levels increase and their chances of burning out become much higher.
It is crucial therefore to enhance motivation in order to retain employees in every possible manner. Although issues of employee retention are very complex, they need to be addressed in order to benefit the universities.
Consequently, the university under study had prioritised staff development and training to attract and retain quality academic staff, thereby aiming to build a resilient talent pipeline. However, a prevalent concern has been that no formal retention programmes exist to keep these academic staff.
There is therefore the scope for further research to comprehend the intricacies of retention strategies and how they may influence retention of academic staff in Ghanaian universities.
Accordingly, institutional leaders could benefit from understanding those retention factors that might serve to retain such caliber of staff. Consequently, the research problem sought to address by this study was to understand factors that might aid in retaining academic staff within the university.
C.P.-RIB "Not Just a Popularity Contest: Factors that Influence Public Opinion of the Police" I- K 0 U u ea(a Cheryl Maxson, Karen Hennigan, and David C. Slove Community residents' perception of the police are often ambivalent, they see officers both as friend and enemy. What Factors Shape Political Attitudes? The Bush clan shows that politics runs in the family. George Bush Sr. was a Congressman, then President of the United States, George W. Bush was the Governor of Texas before being elected President in , and Jeb Bush is the Governor of Florida. Abstract. The constant loss of quality academic staff has become a matter of great concern to management of Ghanaian universities. The main objective of the study was to identify factors that influence the retention of academic staff in Sunyani Technical University, Ghana.
The research question, thus, was: Characteristics of Quality Academic Staff The ability to attract, engage, develop and retain talented academic staff has become increasingly important for Ghanaian technical universities in their quest for gaining competitive advantage.
To this list, Allen, Bryant and Vardaman add that the individual must possess robust business knowledge and contribute soundly to the business. For an organisation to remain competitive, Castellano argues that it must engage the most talented employees within the market.
Nevertheless, qualified employees are sometimes overlooked as strategic assets to the organisation. Vasishtha observed that replacing talented employees and training new ones to function as productively as their predecessors is a growing challenge for higher educational institutions. Krishnan posits that the turnover of qualified and talented employees is associated with significant direct and indirect costs to an organisation.
|How Diversity Makes Us Smarter - Scientific American||Anxiety is a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousness and apprehension that is associated with the activation of the body. Stress is an imbalance between that demands that someone feels and his or her feelings of capably to meet that demands - when failure of these demands has important consequences.|
These costs include those associated with recruitment and selection, loss of productivity, quality shortfalls, poor morale among current employees and loss of organisational knowledge when employees leave.
This might also be true for the universities in Ghana. Factors Influencing Staff Retention According to Holtbrugge, Friedman and Puckemployers should endeavour to retain high potential employees and replace the low performers with new staff with diverse skills and strong ability.
It is crucial therefore that management of our universities understand factors which help to retain staff specific to their own institutions. This is in line with a caution by Vaiman, Scullion and Collings that blanket retention policies are often unsuccessful and disadvantageous to an organisation if they appeal to employees at all levels and are not segmented.
Similarly, Sinha argues that retention schemes that are successful in one institution may not necessarily achieve retention at another. Factors that have been shown to influence the retention of quality academic staff include organisational culture and values, self-actualisation, leadership, communication, work—life balance, and reward and recognition Trevisan et al.
It has been observed by Kerr and Slocum that the variation in employee retention across organisations may be connected to organisational culture.
Armstrong also defined organizational culture as the pattern of values, norms, beliefs, attitudes and assumptions that may not have been articulated but shape the ways in which people in organizations behave and get things done.
Similarly, Alfes, Shantz, Truss and Soane contend that personal values of individuals influence their beliefs, behaviour and the decisions they make at the workplace. This concurs with an argument by Grojean et al. Academic staff need to feel that they are learning, advancing and remaining competitive in line with their peers and see this as leading to opportunities for promotion and career advancement Kyndt et al.
Sageer, Rafat and Agarwal contend that if staff do not feel competitive as their peers, the possibility of them discovering new external job opportunities becomes high.
According to Paul and Berryleadership is fundamental to retention of quality staff and should be reflective of the organisational culture. Organizations largely function through managers and supervisors who exercise leadership in order to get their teams into action and ensure that they achieve the expected results Armstrong, Kaiser and Hogan posit that standing by business ethics and displaying personal integrity are prerequisites for good transformational leadership.
However, if leaders are perceived to lack integrity, Kaiser and Hogan further argue that it is likely to harm the trust and the relationships required to build and sustain effective working relationships with qualified and committed employees.
A similar view is expressed by Chatman and Cha who state that employees are encouraged by leaders to take ownership of their actions and consequently excel.The purpose of this paper is to review the illness and to examine the cultural and demographic factors for schizophrenia.
Research for Practice Factors That Influence Public Opinion of the Police U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice.
Public opinion - The mass media: Newspapers, radio, television, and the Internet—including e-mail and blogs—are usually less influential than the social environment, but they are still significant, especially in affirming attitudes and opinions that are already established.
The news media focus the public’s attention on certain personalities and issues, leading many people to form. Start studying Factors that Shape Public Opinion. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Case Example 1: Genetics as an important determinant of biological sex: In , chromosomal analysis of two human disorders, Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome, demonstrated for the first time that genetic factors on the Y chromosomes of mammals are important determinants in male sex.
Decision making is a critical aspect to feeling successful and happy in life; decision making is at the root of all we do. It is important to develop effective decision making skills and strategies. Problem solving strategies include, but are not limited to brain storming, cost benefit analysis.