This was no accident of history; Ethiopia secured its sovereignty by inflicting a decisive and humiliating defeat upon the Italian invaders at Adowa or Adwa on March 1, The battle at Adowa was, at the time, the greatest defeat inflicted upon a European army by an African army since the time of Hannibal, and its consequences were felt well into the 20th century. As an example of colonial warfare on an epic scale, it cannot be surpassed.
Common interpretation[ edit ] The traditional meaning of blitzkrieg is that of German tactical and operational methodology in the first half of the Second World War, that is often hailed as a new method of warfare. The word, meaning "lightning war" or "lightning attack" in its strategic sense describes a series of quick and decisive short battles to deliver a knockout blow to an enemy state before it could fully mobilize.
Tactically, blitzkrieg is a coordinated military effort by tanks, motorized infantry, artillery and aircraft, to create an overwhelming local superiority in combat power, to defeat the opponent and break through its defences. It was never used in the title of a military doctrine or handbook of the German army or air force,  and no "coherent doctrine" or "unifying concept of blitzkrieg" existed.
Both used the term to mean a swift strategic knock-out, rather than a radical new military doctrine or approach to war. The first article deals primarily with supplies of food and materiel in wartime. The term blitzkrieg is used with reference to German efforts to win a quick victory in the First World War but is not associated with the use of armoured, mechanised or air forces.
It argued that Germany must develop self-sufficiency in food, because it might again prove impossible to deal a swift knock-out to its enemies, leading to a long war. The author vaguely suggests that a massive strategic air attack might hold out better prospects but the topic is not explored in detail.
Sternberg wrote that Germany was not prepared economically for a long war but might win a quick war "Blitzkrieg". He did not go into detail about tactics or suggest that the German armed forces had evolved a radically new operational method.
His book offers scant clues as to how German lightning victories might be won. It was later applied to the bombing of Britain, particularly London, hence " The Blitz ". Infiltration tactics InGerman strategic thinking derived from the writings of Carl von Clausewitz June 1, — November 16,Helmuth von Moltke the Elder 26 October — 24 April and Alfred von Schlieffen 28 February — 4 Januarywho advocated manoeuvre, mass and envelopment to create the conditions for a decisive battle Vernichtungsschlacht.
During the war, generals such as Oskar von Hutier developed tactics to restore manoeuvre on the battlefield. Specialist light infantry Sturmtruppen"storm troops" were to exploit soft spots, to make gaps for larger infantry units to advance with heavier weapons and exploit the success, leaving isolated strong points to troops following up.
Attacks relied on speed and surprise rather than on weight of numbers. The Treaty of Versailles limited the Reichswehr to a maximum ofmen, making impossible the deployment of mass armies.
The German General Staff was abolished by the treaty but continued covertly as the Truppenamt Troop Officedisguised as an administrative body. Committees of veteran staff officers were formed within the Truppenamt to evaluate 57 issues of the war. The Reichswehr was influenced by its analysis of pre-war German military thought, in particular infiltration tactics, which at the end of the war had seen some breakthroughs on the Western Front and the manoeuvre warfare which dominated the Eastern Front.
On the Eastern Front, the war did not bog down into trench warfare ; German and Russian armies fought a war of manoeuvre over thousands of miles, which gave the German leadership unique experience not available to the trench-bound western Allies. After the war, the Reichswehr modified Hutier tactics.
The commander in chief, Hans von Seecktargued that there had been an excessive focus on encirclement and emphasized speed instead. Seeckt, who believed in the Prussian tradition of mobility, developed the German army into a mobile force, advocating technical advances that would lead to a qualitative improvement of its forces and better coordination between motorized infantry, tanks, and planes.
The British army took lessons from the successful infantry and artillery offensives on the Western Front in late To obtain the best co-operation between all arms, emphasis was placed on detailed planning, rigid control and adherence to orders.
Mechanization of the army was considered a means to avoid mass casualties and indecisive nature of offensives, as part of a combined-arms theory of war. This theory of war also emphasized consolidation, recommending caution against overconfidence and ruthless exploitation.
Colonel Charles de Gaulle advocated concentration of armour and aeroplanes. Like von Seeckt, de Gaulle concluded that France could no longer maintain the huge armies of conscripts and reservists which had fought World War I, and he sought to use tanks, mechanised forces and aircraft to allow a smaller number of highly-trained soldiers to have greater impact in battle.
His views little endeared him to the French high command, but are claimed by some[ who? Realising the limitations of infantry and cavalry, Tukhachevsky was an advocate of mechanised formations and the large-scale industrialisation required.
Robert Watt wrote that blitzkrieg holds little in common with Soviet deep battle. Willmott had noted that deep battle contained two important differences:Early on April 14, the US, France and the UK carried out a massive missile strike on Syria justifying their actions with the alleged involvement of the Assad government into the April 7 Douma “chemical attack”.
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"The decisive reason for the advance of bureaucratic organization has always been its purely technical superiority over any other form of organization (Weber)" Discuss Essays: Over , "The decisive reason for the advance of bureaucratic organization has always been its purely technical superiority over any other form of organization (Weber.
Unfortunately, traveling to a home country for vacation, to reconnect with family or for a friend’s wedding are not valid reasons to obtain Advance Parole for DACA. Before applying for Advance Parole, an individual must apply for and receive a DACA approval. The first part is the humanity element with the neurological ability to observe, retain and reason.
The second is the entire realm of AI being Artificial Intelligence. This previously harnessed a mechanical application of making mechanisms do some form of predictable work.