The demographic trend in the least developed countries

Select Page Development and Developing Countries Development refers to developing countries working their up way up the ladder of economic performance, living standards, sustainability and equality that differentiates them from so-called developed countries. The definition of development is fundamental to the comparison of developed and developing countries. It is about expanding choices. Freedoms and capabilities are a more expansive notion than basic needs.

The demographic trend in the least developed countries

As such, the total population of a country in Stage 2 will rise because births outnumber deaths, not because the birth rate is rising. The decrease in death rate is commonly attributed to significant improvements in overall health, specifically access to pediatric care, which affects the life expectancy of the most at-risk demographic group — children.

But along with basic healthcare, an expanded education system, gender equality, and technological advances in the areas of food production and sanitation also work to decrease the death rate. The transition to Stage 2 is still a relatively recent phenomenon in human history.

Not until the Industrial Revolution did the first countries make the transition from Stage 1 to Stage 2. Still, there are a number of countries that remain in Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition for a variety of social and economic reasons, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Guatemala, Nauru, Palestine, Yemen and Afghanistan.

Afghanistan InAfghanistan had one of the higher rates of natural increase birth rate minus death rate; or net increase in the world at 2. What is most significant here is that the death rate in Afghanistan is low and it continues to decline. This fast reduction in the death rate is interesting to demographers because although life expectancy has risen quickly, one of the primary indicators of a lowered death rate child mortality remains high.

Afghanistan currently has the highest rate of child mortality in the world, where one in ten children do not live passed the age of 5. Why then the decrease in death rate? Overall public health has greatly improved, and even though the child mortality rate is still high it is an improvement, as is the increased access to food and sanitation that has allowed adults to live longer.

Quite remarkable for a country that has experienced so much war during the same time period. Afghanistan has experienced decades of war both internally, and externally, and this has had significant impacts on the overall health and health care system of the country.

With continued improvement to both, the expected outcome determined by the DTM is a transition into Stage 3 where total population growth continues, but at a lower rate.

The demographic trend in the least developed countries

The DTM does not provide a time table for transition, but the large gap between the birth and death may signal that the country is nearing the end of Stage 2. For that transition to occur, Afghanistan will need to address outstanding social and economic factors that lead to lower birth rates, most notably in the areas of education and the status of women.

Afghanistan has a very high illiteracy rate and limited educational opportunities for women, both indicators towards a high birth rate. Without either of those issues being addressed, the country will remain in Stage 2, with a high rate of population growth. If the current growth rate continues the total population of Afghanistan is expected to double in just 25 years.Still, there are a number of countries that remain in Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition for a variety of social and economic reasons, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Guatemala, Nauru, Palestine, Yemen and Afghanistan.


DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGES FOR EUROPE least developed countries, whose population is set to double. The fastest population. In least developed countries (49 countries mostly in Africa), CS rates range from % in Chad to 6% in Cape Verde, with an average rate of 2%. Figure 1 shows dotplots, with median and interquartile range, of .

The most developed countries have an infant mortality rate of less than 1%, while the least developed countries have an average infant mortality rate of around 10%. Roland Berger Trend Compendium - Trend 1 Demographic 10 Countries with high population growth > The ten countries with the highest absolute population growth 1) account for more than half of the global population.

The world and most regions and countries are experiencing unprecedentedly rapid demographic change. The most obvious example of this change is the huge expansion of human numbers: four billion have been added since Projections for the next half century expect a highly divergent world, with stagnation or potential decline in parts of the developed world and continued rapid growth in the.

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